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We recommend 3 or 6 monthly inspections be performed for the initial two years after a chemical soil treatment. Monitoring of "stand-alone" baiting systems

BE AWARE the correct identification of destructive termite species, inspection of a building for tell-tale signs, analysis of circumstances and implementation of an effective termkite control program requires expert skill and judgement based upon professional training and extensive field-work experience in termite control in a wide variety of circumstances.

There are around 300 species of termite in Australia, but only a handful cause problems. Subterranean termites (also called white ants) cause most of the damage around the country. They feed off cellulose-containing materials like timber.

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Termites can cause significant structural and economic damage to homes and commercial buildings by eating the inside of the structure and leaving only a thin shell for protection from the outside environment.

Mud shelter tubes they build for protection (pictured). These can sometimes be seen in brick foundations or in architraves.

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Easily broken skirting boards, door jams or architraves (since termites remove the structural integrity of wood, a small knock to these areas can lead to harm ).

Cracked paint or plaster (termites eat away at timber they affect the structural integrity causing cracks in paint or plaster).

Temperature and rainfall appear to have the largest impact on termite activity, followed by the home's age. If you stumble across a termite nest on your house, don't disturb it until you have determined an appropriate termite management plan using a skilled pest manager. Once disturbed, termites might abandon the area, proceed elsewhere and remain undetected. .

Termites don't just eat away at structural timbers, they can also chomp their way through furniture, paper goods, fabrics, clothing, footwear and even non-cellulose materials like soft plastics, building sealants and rigid foam insulation.

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Assess your home's surrounds shrubs or garden beds should be well clear of the building edge and not cover weep holes (the little openings left between bricks to allow water drain out).

Keep places under your home clear don't store items which can lessen the ventilation area under the home.

If you're building a new house, certain construction procedures and materials can reduce the termite risk considerably.

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The Building Code of Australia requires that new houses and extensions possess a hierarchical management program in place in most regions (except Tasmania, where the termite risk is negligible). Homes constructed after July 1995 should have a'durable notice' of treatment corrected into a prominent position in the building (near the meter box or the entrance to a crawl space), listing the:.

If you are building a new house or doing a substantial renovation, make sure you put in appropriate physical or chemical barriers. Some can be retrofitted but it's easier to install them during construction.

Termite shields (also known as ant caps) don't prevent termite activity but bring it into the open, since it is easier to detect their mud shelter tubes on the metal caps.

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Woven stainless steel mesh or finely graded stone particles can be installed in a concrete slab and pit walls around pipe openings and so on, so termites can't get through these concealed entry points.

Composite systems like chemically treated plastic or fabric sheets contain see here chemicals that will degrade over time, unlike true physical obstacles.

Reticulation systems involve piping fitted under slabs and around the edges of a building with access points for injection of insecticide.

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Chemical barriers are applied under and around a concrete slab or around the building piers or footings.

Synthetic pyrethroids such as permethrin or bifenthrin are generally less hazardous than many of the earlier insecticides that were banned in most parts of Australia in the mid 1990s.

Fipronil and imidacloprid are particularly effective against termites since they are non-repellant. This means the termites will travel through the treated zone without detecting the compound and take it back into the colony, therefore contaminating other termites.

Arsenic trioxide dust is a very toxic substance and a confirmed carcinogen for humans. It had been commonly used in the past in termite dusting processes but has been replaced with less toxic insect growth regulators (IGRs) such as triflumuron. This distinctive blue powder is very effective, but might require a little longer than arsenic dust to wipe out a colony.

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This can be a somewhat less toxic but more expensive alternative that'll require regular maintenance. Monitoring and bait stations use very small amounts of a low-toxic IGR which has an effect on the termite's exoskeleton and kills them without harming other animals or humans.

The insect manager puts a baiting station (or many ) in the vicinity of the home, usually in-ground.

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